Most people experience times in their lives when they simply get more exposed to stress than usually. These times take their toll on one's daily performance and overall perception of reality, triggering changes which can be dangerous for the overall health of an individual.
Anxiety is the main manifestation of such problems and the escalation of it can lead to anxiety attacks, once the nervousness and panic reach their peak. Anxiety attacks can take place through a mixture of panic and fear, affecting a person out of the blue and without any warning signs whatsoever. However, people who have certain phobias or some other unexplainable fears can experience these attacks once they find themselves in situations they dislike or are afraid of. For example, people who are afraid of small spaces may feel extremely uncomfortable while riding in elevators and this situation may result in a panic attack. On the other hand, a larger number of people experience such occurrences without any previous signs or warnings. Usually, anxiety attacks manifest through specific symptoms which are common for them. These often present a mixture of physical and mental imbalance, gradually getting worse. It can start with a sudden increase in panic, interwoven with a strong sensation of having no control over the situation. Many people say that this feeling equals losing your mind. Hence, it leads to an increase in fear triggering heart palpitations or, possibly pain in the chest area.
Hyperventilation also occurs, leading to feelings which resemble passing out, having breathing difficulties and choking. Add excessive sweating, hot flashes, trembling and stomach cramps into the mix, and you get an anxiety attack. Some other symptoms of this product of excessive anxiety exposure is loss of normal perception of the world, leading to experiencing it in an unreal manner. On average, anxiety attacks reach their highest point within 10 minutes from their onset. Due to the symptoms which start taking over the sufferer's body, he/she may believe that he/she is dying from a heart attack, making the whole problem worse, increasing the levels of panic.
The most important part of controlling an anxiety attack is staying calm, which is almost impossible without someone else's help. This attack leaves a person confused, disoriented and scared, fearing a relapse. The treatment for anxiety attacks mainly consists of psychotherapy and counseling. Yet, the best effect is gained through diagnosing the triggers and teaching the patient how to avoid them. Also, there is a set of actions which one can perform once the early symptoms of these attacks are noticed, working on self-relaxation and self-control.
If the above mentioned steps fail to help people prevent anxiety attacks, professional help is recommended, since there are great chances that an underlying health issue such as thyroid gland problem, asthma or something similar may be behind the panic attacks too. Thus, both therapists and physicians have to work together towards preventing these occurrences from bothering the patients even more seriously.